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Macau Geography
 
 
 

General

Macau is situated 60 km (37 mi) southwest of Hong Kong and 145 km (90 mi) from Guangzhou. It also has 41 km (25 mi) of coastline, yet only 310 m (1,000 ft) of land border with Guangdong. Macau has a land area of 21 km² (8.3 mi²), consisting of the Macau Peninsula itself and the islands of Taipa and Coloane, which are now connected by landfill forming the Cotai Strip. The peninsula is formed by the Zhu Jiang (Pearl River) estuary on the east and the Xi Jiang (West River) on the west. It borders the Zhuhai Special Economic Zone in mainland China. The main border crossing between Macau and China is known as the Portas do Cerco (Barrier Gate) on the Macau side, and the Gongbei Port of Entry on the Zhuhai side. Comparatively, the territory of Macau is four times smaller than the Manhattan area of New York City.

Macau Peninsula was originally an island, but a connecting sandbar gradually turned into a narrow isthmus, thus changing Macau into a peninsula. Land reclamation in the 17th century transformed Macau into a peninsula with generally flat terrain, though numerous steep hills still mark the original land mass. Alto de Coloane is the highest point in Macau, with an altitude of 170.6 m (559.7 ft). With a dense urban environment, Macau has no arable land, pastures, forest or woodland.

Macau has a humid subtropical climate with average relative humidity between 75% and 90%. Similar to much of South China, seasonal climate is greatly influenced by the monsoons, and differences in temperature and humidity between summer and winter are noticeable, though not as great as inland China. The average annual temperature of Macau is 22.7°C (72.9°F). July is the warmest month, with average temperature being 28.9°C (84.0°F). The coolest month is January, with a mean temperature of 15°C (59°F).

Located on China's southern coast, Macau has ample rainfall, with average annual precipitation being 2,120 mm (83 in). However, winter is mostly dry due to the influence of the vast Siberian High affecting much of East Asia. Autumn in Macau, from October to November, is sunny and still pleasantly warm with low humidity. Winter (December to early March) is generally mild with temperature above 10°C (39°F) most of the time, although it could also drop to below 5°C (20°F) at times. Humidity starts to increase from late March. Summer is very warm to hot; often rising above 30°C (86°F) at daytime. The hot weather is often followed by heavy rain, thunderstorms and occasional typhoons.

Overview

Location : Eastern Asia, bordering the South China Sea and China
Geographic coordinates : 22 10 N, 113 33 E
Map references : Southeast Asia
Area

: total: 28.2 sq km
land: 28.2 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Area - comparative : less than one-sixth the size of Washington, DC
Land boundaries : total: 0.34 km
regional border: China 0.34 km
Coastline : 41 km
Maritime claims
: not specified
Climate : subtropical; marine with cool winters, warm summers
Terrain : generally flat
Elevation extremes
: lowest point: South China Sea 0 m
highest point: Coloane Alto 172 m
Natural resources : NEGL
Land use : arable land: 0%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 100% (2005)
Natural hazards : typhoons
Environment - current issues : NA
Environment - international agreements : party to: Marine Dumping (associate member), Ship Pollution (associate member)
Geography - note : essentially urban; an area of land reclaimed from the sea measuring 5.2 sq km and known as Cotai now connects the islands of Coloane and Taipa; the island area is connected to the mainland peninsula by three bridges
 

 
 

 



 


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